U.K.’s 1st mass COVID-19 testing program underway in Liverpool


Hundreds of people were tested for the coronavirus in the English city of Liverpool as Britain’s first mass coronavirus testing program got underway Friday.

Long lines of residents formed outside the city’s six new test centres, which opened at midday and are set to stay in place for a couple of weeks.

The centres located at the Exhibition Centre Liverpool and at local sports facilities are providing lateral flow — or swab — tests with a turnaround time of under an hour for the estimated half-million people who live and work in Liverpool and do not have COVID-19 symptoms. About 2,000 military personnel have been deployed to help run the program that has the capacity to test thousands of people every day.

Moira Garwood, 80, has been diligently following public health rules since the British government first imposed restrictions in March. Even so, she was keen to find out that she didn’t have the virus and that she was ready to go again in a couple of weeks.

“I’m being good. I’m not going out. I shielded for the six months, and I’m doing this now and I still want to make sure,” said Garwood, who was one of the first in line for the rapid test at Liverpool Tennis Centre.

The U.K. government is piloting loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) Coronavirus testing technology, offering all Liverpool residents quick-result tests to identify who has COVID-19 and asking them to isolate. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

The British government earlier this week picked Liverpool to host the pilot testing program because the city is one of the worst-affected parts of the country during the pandemic’s current second wave in Europe. With new confirmed cases and deaths on the rise, England on Thursday entered a four-week lockdown until at least Dec. 2.

“I think it’s logistically one of the biggest things that’s been undertaken for mass testing ever, certainly in the U.K. and possibly in Europe,” Liverpool Mayor Joe Anderson said.

The hope is that mass — and regular — testing will provide a way out of Europe’s deadliest outbreak, which has killed nearly 48,500 people across the U.K. since the start of the pandemic.

By monitoring who is and who isn’t infected with the virus, authorities should be able to get a better picture of how and where it is being transmitted. In addition to the new test centres, more testing is taking place in schools, universities, workplaces and nursing homes, as well as at the existing mobile test centres in the city.

Anderson said he thought the trial would be a success and hoped it would be rolled out across the country.

“I’m positive that the government will then change tack and start fighting the virus in a proactive way, mass testing continually to help us getting back to some normality,” the mayor said.

Mass community testing would help ease the pressure on a track and trace system that Prime Minister Boris Johnson has acknowledged did not work as well as expected. The underperforming system has been partly blamed by many for the resurgence of the virus in the U.K. over the past few weeks.

U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson takes a coronavirus swab test at a testing centre at De Montfort University in Leicester, England on Friday. Johnson visited the centre after a new national lockdown and the beginning of a pilot project launched in nearby Liverpool for possible weekly testing of the entire city population. (Molly Darlington/The Associated Press)

Scientists have said that mass testing of the sort taking place in Liverpool can help public health teams to trace both symptomatic and asymptomatic carriers, as well as their contacts, but that it’s no panacea.

“There are several big ifs, though,” University of Oxford clinical fellow Luke Allen said. “People need to show up for testing, testing should happen repeatedly in order to track changes over time, and most importantly the track and trace system needs to function effectively.”

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